Self-certification tag: Connection of power (licensed electrical contractor). Yes, I know, our situation is among the, say, less than 1% that has problems of this sort but look at it from the point of view of the owners of one of the 1% of affected houses. Rearranging the layout of the sink, shower, or toilet (or all three) will most likely double, and in some cases triple, your plumbing costs, says Nick Schiffer, owner of NS Builders. There are many things that plumbers say that make no sense to the average homeowner. No explanation necessary. Rough-in plumbing for new construction costs $8,000 to $12,000, or about or about $4. under slab electrical 3. 312 Glen Ellyn, IL 60137 www. DanH | Feb 10, 2014 06:49pm | #9 I was told about 10 years ago that a 10-foot head is the rule around here. Under slab plumbing diagrams. We also offer basement waterproofing, crawl space repair, crawl space encapsulation, basement & crawl space wall repair, drainage, under slab plumbing,indoor air quality services, concrete crack repair, concrete lifting & leveling and home elevation. Plumbing a new bathroom can run about $10,000-$25,000, especially if you have to cut through a foundation to do it. Although home owners are legally permitted to work on the plumbing in their own homes, often times it is in their best interest to call a professional if they are not confident that they are doing it correctly. l the water level may need to over come the over flow. What to look for in drain piping: Make sure the drain pipes fit within the walls , and watch how they run overhead if you have plumbing drains coming down from an upper story. Plumbing and piping plan clearly shows the location of fixtures, pipes, and valves. Steel-reinforced slabs, typically between 100 and 500 mm thick, are most often used to construct floors and ceilings, while thinner mud slabs may be used for exterior paving (see below). For example, a small, under-counter fridge can be found for under £150, while a large, two-door fridge with a chilled water and ice dispenser will set you back over £1,000. Our rFOIL 1620 Ultra CBF series is made extra tough for over slabs (as a concrete underlayment) and under flooring. Your actual price will depend on job size, conditions, finish options you choose. Pay only after work is inspected Step 12: Heating & Cooling Rough 88. don't ignore this because water leakage under a concrete foundation can cause additional problems. Rough-in plumbing costs for a 2,000 square foot home is about $9,000, and once you add in the fixture hookup costs expect to spend $12,000 to $15,000 total. Average costs and comments from CostHelper's team of professional journalists and community of users. SS initial cost amortized over the longer useful life of the screws is a good investment. 2 inch styrofoam under slab - add $2. Plumbing Drain Design for Concrete-Slab Houses. Use either 3” or 4” schedule 20 (Sewer & Drain) or schedule 40 pvc piping and fittings for the radon pipe. Overview and Total Cost of DIY Rough Plumbing in a Slab (when you AREN'T an expert) May 30, 2016 by Emily 6 Comments Disclosure: I sometimes earn products or commissions from affiliate links or partnerships on my blog. If I were building with a slab floor again I would avoid at all costs putting any pipes at all in the slab. Human Bean in Fort Collins We take no short cuts and pride ourselves on a professional installation meeting or exceeding all plumbing code requirements for construction. When job is complete, but before occupancy (Final). Copper pipes in concrete slab, Copper pipes are generally last 50 years or more. Under Slab Plumbing. The kitchen and bath will back to a common plumbing wall. How much does it cost to repipe a house? On average, plan on spending anywhere from $2 to $6 per square foot of the home, depending on the factors mentioned earlier. Site work such as septic systems and the land cost are not included in the valuation. I've got an ensuite with roots in the pipes under our slab (already dealt with the situation outside) in Canberra. To be made after the roof, all framing, fire. Middle River, MD - Plumber. Diamondback Plumbing, LLC. A grind pit under the slab would be nicer, but it's still a pump that will eventually require maintenance and the cost of a grind pit is about as much as I was hoping to. We’ve always held high expectations for the quality of work delivered under the Water Matrix brand. Don’t ignore this because water leakage under a concrete foundation can cause additional problems. Be sure to send me a gift card for lunch, if you use my information to build your slab. When under slab piping has been installed. Pipe delivering cold drinking water to a house’s plumbing system; it is an extension of the water service pipe. cost to replace a bathroom sink Calculator For your project in zip code 98102 with these options, the cost to replace a bathroom sink starts at $502. ft of construction will range from 1400-2000/ sq. Also, a floor mounted toilet comes with a set rough-in distance from the back wall (like 8", 12", etc. Under-Slab Inspections. They may or may not cover slab leaks that have not caused. (props to Brandon) I think privately this might have run. Replacing plumbing in a 1,500 sq. Dec 13, 2014 - under slab plumbing - Search Yahoo Image Search Results. House foundations, also known asr crawl space foundations, provide easier access to plumbing and wiring underneath the home, but come at a higher cost, with prices averaging between $8,000 and $25,000. Underground Inspection: To be inspected after trenches or ditches are excavated, piping installed and before any backfill is in place. Footing area must be dug at the depth and width as per approved plan. AsktheBuilder. We started working before we were actually "scheduled" so that we could get a jump start without delaying the project too much. A pipe under your sink will start at about 1 ½” in diameter, but will connect to a pipe about 4” in diameter by the time it leaves your house. Plumbing Under Slab: Drain-Waste-Vent (DWV) with test prior to covering trench, in-floor heat with air test. Smaller system is usually more efficient 90. The cost increases with each one's benefits. Plumbing Rough-In You'll rough in the tub drain with 1 1/2-inch pipe with male threads that extend 1/2-inch above the level of the floor. The White Glove Health & Safety Plumbing Inspection covers over 100 items in the typical home plumbing system. See past project info for Baker Plumbing, LLC including photos, cost and more. Posted on January 17, 2017 August 20, 2018. #MigraineCraftsman. Stone slab. How to Rough Plumb a Basement Bathroom. The CONTRACTOR is only to use its own forces and/or OWNER/CONSTRUCTION MANAGER approved sub-trades to undertake the. The blue capped pipe doesn't look big enough. 60 per linear foot, while indoor cutting costs can around $1. Joe If a company hasn’t completed enough jobs they don’t have access to certain selections where they can complete the last 2 sq ft without charging another whole slab I don’t want them. 2 inch styrofoam under slab - add $2. 5 baths, it will cost $11,500 to $14,500 for rough-in plumbing. Mono-slab SPlumbing Under-Slab Garage lab Sheathing Rough-In: Insulation Provisional Power Gas test Natural Gas or Propane Final Please provide a breakdown of the square footage :(Finished & Unfinished). Job entailed installing rough in under slab drainage piping for a 3 piece bath and laundry… Read more. GREENE COUNTY BUILDING REGULATIONS. Drain lines must be filled with a 10' column of water. For example if you have (2) FULL BATHROOMS you will count; the amount of sinks, tub/showers and toilets. This handling can occur during shipment, while being. We offer detailed floor plans that allow the buyer to review the look of the entire house, down to the smallest detail. When using CPVC with joints under slab, YOU MUST PRESSURE TEST THE SYSTEM BEFORE POURING THE SLAB. However, I would first remove the caps on the rough-in pipes and determine which way the drains run under the slab. Framing and Rough-Ins - After the floor framing has been approved, construction may proceed. How Much Does It Cost to Remove Roots From a Sewer Line? It really depends on the situation. Under-Slab Inspections. Mono-slab SPlumbing Under-Slab Garage lab Sheathing Rough-In: Insulation Provisional Power Gas test Natural Gas or Propane Final Please provide a breakdown of the square footage :(Finished & Unfinished). (405) 863-7737 · 2916 Village Cir Edmond, OK 73013. Use 3/4 inch minimum pipe size to feed all fixture groups. Actual costs will depend on job size, conditions, and options. Fire Protection a. As Scott and others have said, it is acceptable. Saves Money, Adds Value - The simple, quick, modular design reduces build time and therefore the cost. CONCRETE ANCHOR BOLTS Those are the basic materials and labor included in the cost of a concrete slab. RE: Pea gravel for interior floor slab support JAE (Structural) 27 Jan 06 09:16 GeoPaveTraffic, one question for you - my fear in using pea gravel, or even some sands for that matter, is that with material like this that has uniform gradation, I always sense that there is a difficulty in compacting the material in a way in which it "nests" into. County Government Center • 385 N. The plumber attached the shower pan to the drain. First, the floor tiles may have to be dug up, leading to high repair costs. A monolithic poured slab has the footings poured at the same time as the slab. Take Floorplan to Power Company for size of system 89. Static leak isolation testing is the leak detection process in which we use a combination of sewer video camera pipe inspection and hydrostatic pressure testing to isolate and test different sections or areas of an under slab sanitary sewer system to pinpoint exact locations of water leaks in the system. A slab inspection is not required for garages or unfinished basements. (Note that if the foundation of your new structure is simply a slab, much of the plumbing rough-ins will have. Cost of rough in plumbing in slab? Hi, Sorry in advance if this is a vague question! Im trying to budget for construction of a house slab, & am looking for approx price for plumbers to rough in, 1WC, 1 shower, 1 vanity & 1 laundry waste & floor wastes probably x2, thats on the ground floor, through concrete slab yet to be poured. How do you reroute pipes that are under post tension slab using PEX tubing if there are no plumbing manifolds? How much to reroute plumbing from slab by the water heater to ceiling? We have 2 baths side By side next to w. I would like to seal the floor in some way. The concrete slab creates an impression of strength and solidity. The plumbing lines are also set according to the plans prior to backfilling with soil. Get the rough-in right, and you are 90 percent of the way there. Under slab Includes interior underground storm and sanitary drains prior to backfilling; Testing is required for all industrial, commercial, institutional and multi-residential units and may be requested by the inspector for any other occupancy type; Rough-in above ground Includes rough-in of drainage, waste, vents (DWV) and water pipe systems. When rough-in is complete and visible (Rough). Checking the plumbing layout in a concrete slab before it Mar 17, 2019 - concrete slab plumbing diagram - Google Search. If you add multiple heads, then you will need a larger drain. ft of construction will range from 1400-2000/ sq. Drain Pipe Repair Cost Factors. The cost to repair your drain pipe will depend on a few factors. Prices vary so be sure and find out exactly what your final bill will be. Will this pass inspection, or do I need to vent directly from each trap? Update: Part of the issue is I'm running into is that my plumbing is in the footing of my monolithic slab. Finished Exterior; Complete Insulation; Phase 4: Final. It provides exceptional thermal value and a strong, permanent vapor and radon barrier. A typical cancrete slab is 3"- 4" thick. A monolithic poured slab has the footings poured at the same time as the slab. Working with ABS or PVC Piping When working with these materials, the biggest difference is that the ABS pipe has a one-step process for connecting pipes, while the PVC process has two steps. Heavy stone slabs (not to be confused with slate) 1–2 inches thick were formerly used as roofing tiles in some regions in England, the Alps, and Scandinavia. The cost of installing UFH is difficult to estimate as it varies depending on the area of the UK and the size and type of UFH system being installed. Re: rough in plumbing test Author: LemonPlumber (FL) you may use a test ball. Watch our DIY plumbing videos and learn the right way to tackle the projects on your list. main cleanout Metal part screwed to the drain that can be removed if the drain needs to be unplugged. Move toilet 24", with demoed walls, 2. T he next phase for the interior of the house is the rough-in of the initial plumbing. Below are a some under slab plumbing diagrams that are relatively common. The _____ plumbing stage involves installation of underground plumbing before the concrete slab is poured. The first option was a true upflush toilet I owned a McPherson upflushing toilet, one of the fist freestanding toilets with a built-in pump, for about 5 years and had nothing but trouble with it. Replacing or installing new fixtures or small sections of piping, like a bathtub, sink, or toilet will cost between $450 and $1,800 per fixture depending on if it's a rough-in or full install. I am considering what it would cost to add another bathroom. Project date. Re: Pouring a mud slab under occupied house I think your ventilation process will work. If your foundation is to be a concrete slab under a living space with separately poured footing, you will need a fourth inspection. Just do this after poor > cut the flange flush to the slab and glue the flange in pipe. From $100,000 to $500,000 - $460. However, I would first remove the caps on the rough-in pipes and determine which way the drains run under the slab. Figure 3 shows the results of localized, single point, measurements of the sub-slab difference pressure across the. A slab foundation for an average 1,600- to 1,800-square-foot family home might cost about $7,000-$16,000 or more, while a slab foundation for a 3,000- to 4,500-square-foot home might cost $13,000-$40,000 or more. The soil prep has not been done, that looks like it is ready for, or being made ready for, a "underground plumbing" inspection. Whether you are finishing a garage or a basement or building an addition, it’s important to get the rough-in wiring done right the first time. The actual meaning of rough plumbing is advance work done by a plumbing contractor. Local building permit costs & lay of property: Depending on what municipality/region you build in, pricing for building & development costs can range from as low as $10,000 to $30,000. The leak detector used a sonar listening device to discover two leaks under the slab, one under the sink in our hall bathroom and another next to the bathtub in the same room. The bathroom sink rough-in dimensions are as follows: The center of the lav's drain is located 18" (approximately) above the finished floor. PLUMBING: Rough plumbing Sump pump Hook up kitchen, bathroom & utility plumbing Plumbing fixtures Under slab plumbing Under slab radiant heat Other HVAC: Heat (gas, oil, electric, hot air) Hydronic (base board) Radiant (in floor) Air conditioning Dryer vents Humidifiers Dehumidifiers Air purifiers / air exchanger Ductwork & pipes Appliance. Their license was verified as active when we last checked. Although Cowell says that he commonly sees plumbing routed through slab foundations in Connecticut homes, Anthony Stevens, president of A & N Plumbing in Bronxville, N. If you replaced the pipes the old fashioned way, you would need to dig up all the concrete and excavate a 3′ deep and 3′ wide trench throughout the entire house and then replace the pipe, sand and concrete, which takes about 8 weeks, after which the tile or carpet has to be replaced and then the. COMMERCIAL CONCRETE SLAB ON GRADE (2229) 22. Construction crews are preparing the first floor slab on grade and expect a concrete pour in late February. Water supply lines shall be sized to minimize water pressure and volume losses. All you need is a permit number. Checking the plumbing layout in a concrete slab before it Mar 17, 2019 – concrete slab plumbing diagram – Google Search. The following plumbing guidelines shall be utilized to design and document new construction and renovation projects for the University. If you add multiple heads, then you will need a larger drain. The team is 90% complete with plumbing and electric underground rough-in at the first floor. This work may include rough electrical for power, lighting, fire alarm, or other minor work that would normally be completed prior to a rough framing inspection. Your actual price will depend on job size, conditions, finish options you choose. Soldered connection. For 5-Star Service, Call Us At (505) 473-7148. Trying to find 10" rough toilets will restrict your choices and likely increase the costs. I just spent $2700 to replace a section of cast iron under my basement floor. The best way to get pricing for your project is to source multiple bids from licensed contractors. If it’s close to existing plumbing, it will run you less because the plumber won’t have to install many new pipes. You can adjust the concrete cutter to the correct depth. Patching Concrete Slab after Plumbing Work I'm doing a kitchen renovation, moving an island sink to a new island location, as well as adding two dishwashers and an icemaker to the island. Our collection of house plans with slab foundations are a perfect choice especially in warmer climates. Self-certification tag: Connection of power (licensed electrical contractor). It can also run under sidewalks, stoops, patios and decks. We talked with several pros and got advice on drilling holes, installing boxes and pulling cable. Pipe delivering cold drinking water to a house’s plumbing system; it is an extension of the water service pipe. The Planning Board Meeting will be available for live public viewing on Facebook – The City of Dunn, NC page or the Public can call in to listen – contact Melissa Matti at 910-230-3505 or [email protected] It is resistant to corrosion. (Gwinnett County authorized Third Party Inspectors may perform foundation inspections. Residential Plumbing Rough In July 2016 under a slab shall be brazed, (UPC 609. When using CPVC with joints under slab, YOU MUST PRESSURE TEST THE SYSTEM BEFORE POURING THE SLAB. Bathroom plumbing diagram concrete slab. This article will get you through the initial stage of this project, the rough plumbing. Water must be pressurized to 60PSI, Sewer to 5 PSI or a 10 foot head test. To access the download, follow the. Somewhere in your early planning, you will want to know what your house or addition might cost. Skip navigation Sign in Rough in plumbing basics for under a slab. pday2 (pete day, trec 21160) these soils can cause the old pad to shift and heave under the new foundation. Rough-In Plumbing Cost. head requirement, and have done that to test under-slab lines, but I've never seen it imposed on house plumbing. 2 inch styrofoam under slab - add $2. The risk with hourly rates is that a contractor could purposely take longer to hike up your repair cost. Under Slab Plumbing contractors are specialists. In some cases (especially post frame houses), elevated wood floors are used to create an under floor crawl space, making these lines accessible in the future, without the need for costly jackhammer or concrete cutting work for repairs. vapor barrier under slab - add $. But that doesn't mean you can't do it. House is 2800 square feet of living, all pipe will be PVC, CPVC, costs for under slab rough-in as well as connection to water supply and sewer service, both which have laterals at property line. T he next phase for the interior of the house is the rough-in of the initial plumbing. Rough-in inspection. This indicated that our pipes were in such rough shape that there was a high chance other leaks would. The White Glove Health & Safety Plumbing Inspection covers over 100 items in the typical home plumbing system. After October 1, 2011, inspections will also be required on plumbing and mechanical systems. While building up to 2000 sq. for labour only. 460B All items under the slab in and approved (plumbing, mechanical, electrical). l the water level may need to over come the over flow. This indicated that our pipes were in such rough shape that there was a high chance other leaks would. Rough-in plumbing goes beneath the concrete structure or slab where there are wires attached thereto. For a plumber in Guelph contact 519-780-0088. The system supports subterranean pipes during construction until the embed plates are permanently cast in place, preventing damaging soil. Most bathrooms do not make the best use of their limited space; relocating some of the primary elements of the bathroom can make a huge difference. Perimeter footing exposed, gravel placed and compacted, need to have 6mil. HVAC ductwork & piping will continue, and grilles and diffusers will follow ceiling grid. Unfortunately, I have a concern that the waste pipe for the tub has been misplaced. the Kohler over flow should have come with a C- plate installed less trim. Under slab Includes interior underground storm and sanitary drains prior to backfilling; Testing is required for all industrial, commercial, institutional and multi-residential units and may be requested by the inspector for any other occupancy type; Rough-in above ground Includes rough-in of drainage, waste, vents (DWV) and water pipe systems. is and run the plumbing above the slab, exiting discretely through the backside of the building. Professionals. This doesn't include plumbing or electrical rough-in (floor plugs, conduit, etc) as you would typically contract that work separately with the. Rearranging the layout of the sink, shower, or toilet (or all three) will most likely double, and in some cases triple, your plumbing costs, says Nick Schiffer, owner of NS Builders. Suspended Slab The suspended slab is a few pieces of engineered reinforced concrete that can span large distances and hold large loads without the need for support beams below it. Finished Exterior; Complete Insulation; Phase 4: Final. Additional costs. Where significant price differences can be found, it's usually due to higher shipping costs for one type. Inspections are performed of the foundation prior to pouring, the framing/rough-in construction and the final construction. Minimize the risk by thinking ahead and drawing up a plumbing plan. Install plumbing into concrete slab for toilet, sink and shower In order to install a bathroom on a first floor or basement with a slab, one must cut into the concrete. No explanation necessary. All vertical anchoring devices if not already in place, shall be on site and have placement location identified on form boards. I have also decided to route the radon vent pipe under the footing rather than have it come through the slab. Al’s Plumbing, Heating Air Conditioning 1108 Summit Ave. The 2 inch was rotted out but the 4 inch was still solid. For a 2,300 square foot home with 2. This does not mean that these units are installed at this time - only the wiring or. Under Slab Plumbing Diagrams. Adding a basement bathroom is a big, complicated project. 2nd slab job yesterday there are no apparent signs of the toilet pipe whatsoever other than a vent pipe. vapor barrier under slab - add $. Freeman Plumbing. While I'm at it, I was thinking of replacing the cast iron plumbing underneath the slab as well. Although you can look these up, it is well worth the time and money to have the plumbing section performed by a professional. Preparation of slab (concreter) The concreter will use edge boards (boxing) to form the perimeter of the slab ready for the pour. 00 $0 $15,000. 30 Plumbing Rough In Slab Diagrams Qf3z. Site work such as septic systems and the land cost are not included in the valuation. • Evaluate the risk of frost heave in the local soils and design appropriate measures (most likely a system of slab heaters) to maintain above-freezing temperatures in the ground below. Slab leaks can lead to moldy carpet along with warped hardwood floors and their water damage restoration costs. New plumbing installation is always bid per fixture or by point. From all these, you probably know where we are getting at – the repair of any under slab plumbing is bound to be quite pricey. The team is 90% complete with plumbing and electric underground rough-in at the first floor. 50 per square foot 3. Expedites scheduling of trades. PUMP TRUCK IF CONCRETE TRUCK CAN'T REACH - ADD $900. depending on your plumbing code, the requirement would be that a 3" drain is adequate for three toilets as long as the third one is at least 15 feet from the other two. When using CPVC with joints under slab, YOU MUST PRESSURE TEST THE SYSTEM BEFORE POURING THE SLAB. plasticpipe. Basement Floor: If you are not doing a “mud cap” slab in your crawl space then a 4” thick concrete slab in your basement is an added cost. l the water level may need to over come the over flow. Cost: Depending on the area, $2. It is best for the sewer pipe to come through the wall just above slab height rather than come through the slab. Rough-In Underground Plumbing: This done after the (under slab) plumbing has been installed but prior to it being covered. Accessories and delivery will add another $3000 to this cost for a total estimate of $17,400. Water pipes have been pressurized to 50 psi or connected to the domestic water supply. Rough-Ins Electrical & Plumbing services are easy to add to BuildBlock walls. Tiny House Plumbing Plumbing is probably one of the scariest parts of any build, especially when you have zero construction experience (like me). The drain pipes should not flex or have soft spots, if the inspector walks on them. In the previous step you will have dug the drainage trenches to the right depths and very importantly will have made them the right 1/4" per foot (1/8" per foot minimum) slope. With these tips in hand, you’ll work faster, avoid disasters down the road and put a smile on the face of your electrical inspector. Any plumbing piping exiting the slab must be provided with a sleeve 2 pipe sizes larger than the plumbing pipe it protects. 60 per linear foot, while indoor cutting costs can around $1. There are many things that plumbers say that make no sense to the average homeowner. PLUMBING ROUGH-IN INSPECTION CHECKLIST Plum bing shall be roughed-in to all locations. Rough-in plumbing is all the pipework that is laid under the house and in the walls and ceiling. Foundation Inspection. Active Moisture Control / Radon System - outside (Home with Submersible sump pump routed to the outside, gravel under slab) $700 - $1000 : Active Moisture Control / Radon System, inside (home with submersible sump pump, system routed through garage, gravel under slab) $1000 - $1300 : Conversion of Passive System : $600. GREENE COUNTY BUILDING REGULATIONS. It is really simple I have rough-in tons of houses. Moving into a new house—or realizing your home hasn’t kept up with your lifestyle—can make renovation feel like a path to reinvention. Rough-Ins Electrical & Plumbing services are easy to add to BuildBlock walls. This is another reason to plan carefully, once they pour the concrete, it is very difficult to put in wiring that must go through the foundation. Its well insulated in the ceilings and walls. The blue capped pipe doesn't look big enough. Here with this video you will learn some of the basic rules of thumb for doing rough in plumbing underground. 2018 Building Foundation & Floor Slab 06. With a new home, plumbing with PEX for water supply lines could cost between $5,000-$21,000. Forms a clean cavity in a concrete slab so a trap can be easily connected to the drain system and made accessible after installation in case an emergency. National averages for plumbing work are around $4 per square foot for rough-in plumbing as of 2012, but some areas, such as San Francisco for example, can run more than $5 per square foot. Rough-in plumbing for new construction costs $8,000 to $12,000, or about or about $4. •Lead Production Superintendent supervising o Front End superintendent covering site, grading, under slab plumbing, concrete slab, framing, roofing, siding, house. COMMERCIAL ROUGH PLUMBING (4441) PAGE 1 of 3 August 30, 2010 COMMERCIAL ROUGH PLUMBING (4441) ANSI Check fixtures for handicapped clearances per 2003 ANSI A117. To address this, we carefully pump grout under the slab to fill in all empty spaces. How to Draw a Plumbing Plan Surprises are fun—until one pops up in the middle of a big remodeling project. For a plumber in Guelph contact 519-780-0088. How much should I be expecting to pay for cutting the slab, digging up and replacing the drain plumbing, and re-laying of the slab? I've got one quote for $7k and seeking. The box is made from a semi-flexible plastic polymer. 1 GENERAL A. It provides exceptional thermal value and a strong, permanent vapor and radon barrier. A bathroom in the basement adds a lot of value to a finished basement. How to Plumb a Bathroom. How to Move a Toilet Over a Few Inches Moving a toilet - even just a few inches - can drastically improve the form and function of a bathroom. There are many different issues to consider when it comes to the choice of a basement, crawl space, or a slab foundation for your new home. From all these, you probably know where we are getting at – the repair of any under slab plumbing is bound to be quite pricey. This page gives practical advice on checking pipes in the slab. As with all construction trades, plumbing's tasks fit into the broad categories of rough work and finish work. Incorrectly placed slab rough-in plumbing [ 2 Answers ] I have a full bathroom rough-in on a slab in an unfinished area of my house. footings (standard. A bathroom addition runs from $10,000 to $25,000. Plumbing repair for mobile homes is made even more difficult because it is sometimes, but not always, different from plumbing for site built homes. A slab foundation for an average 1,600- to 1,800-square-foot family home might cost about $7,000-$16,000 or more, while a slab foundation for a 3,000- to 4,500-square-foot home might cost $13,000-$40,000 or more. Plumbing for each fixture generally runs between $1,500 to $2,000 a piece in New York City, so it will cost at least $5,000 for a licensed plumber to run new lines for a sink, toilet, and bathtub. Plumbing Under Slab: Drain-Waste-Vent (DWV) with test prior to covering trench, in-floor heat with air test. That said, I Slab rough ins - Page 5 - Plumbing Zone - Professional Plumbers Forum. installation of water. How much re-piping a house should cost. 1 hour ago, Laurence737 said: Thats not a bad idea, are these popular tho? as most builds tend to have them seperated? also how easy is it to run the soil pipe from the WC? Im guessing most new builds are concrete slab under floor? Sorry for all the questions but Im really trying to learn! We hav. Since the utilities are placed below or embedded in the slab, it may be difficult to repair them. When job is complete, but before occupancy (Final). Itemized home system rough-in average costs: Electrical mast, hookup, panel and wiring: $4. The slab design is based on the metal building (think footing for the columns) as well as the soil. The plumbing rough-in must be completed, including the vent pipes that pass through the roof, before the roofing can be installed. (Note that if the foundation of your new structure is simply a slab, much of the plumbing rough-ins will have. What to look for in drain piping: Make sure the drain pipes fit within the walls , and watch how they run overhead if you have plumbing drains coming down from an upper story. 51 per unit. Working with ABS or PVC Piping When working with these materials, the biggest difference is that the ABS pipe has a one-step process for connecting pipes, while the PVC process has two steps. Typically, the plumbing rough-in starts just after the rough framing has been completed. For example if you have (2) FULL BATHROOMS you will count; the amount of sinks, tub/showers and toilets. 5 to $8/sq ft, plus additional costs for steel reinforcement and finishing. For a 2,300 square foot home with 2. After all, your drain line runs from your home all the way to the nearest. DO $0 $9,200. 50 per linear foot. Footing area must be dug at the depth and width as per approved plan. Because this type of pipe is flexible, it won’t burst. The bathroom sink rough-in dimensions are as follows: The center of the lav’s drain is located 18” (approximately) above the finished floor. 985 products found. Inside the back cover of this book you'll find an envelope with a com-pact disk. The Plumbing Rough-In but high-tech designer models can cost many times that. Our professional and trained plumbers use high tech non-invasive detection equipment to quickly locate the crack in your pipe without digging up the floor. If you must run drainpipes across a floor, carefully calculate the amount of vertical space available; you must slope the drainpipe at 1/8 to 1/4 inch drop per. cost to replace a bathroom sink Calculator For your project in zip code 98102 with these options, the cost to replace a bathroom sink starts at $502. And finally, nail the shims into place using 3 2-inch, 15-gauge nails. I have long contended that plumbing is rather like Legos with rules, lots of rules. *The other option might be to push out one of the walls in the master bedroom - basically adding a small extension to the house. For example, from our research, a 1,500 square foot home with two, three or four bedrooms could cost around $3,500 to $7,500 to replace the whole home, while a bathroom alone could. Having an engineered slab for your barndominium based on a soil samples test is best. Although you can look these up, it is well worth the time and money to have the plumbing section performed by a professional. It was gross,messy and stinky. I would like to seal the floor in some way. Also, it is wise to use 1" foam insulation pipe sleeve at changes in direction, where the pipe comes out of the slab, and at construction joints. Diamondback Plumbing, LLC. Brass pipe generally comes in 12-foot straight lengths. It is $600 to $1,600 per fixture with final costs ranging from $1,500 to $20,000. This is important information to know since the cost of your project will certainly affect your decisions while creating the…. Slab leaks are pressurized pipes under a slab of concrete or foundation; found under homes, businesses and industrial facilities built on a slab foundation. You will need to tap into your existing plumbing in your basment depending on what type of piping you have that can be project. (20) SLAB ON GRADE (Monolithic): Slab and footing pour together. Water must be pressurized to 60PSI, Sewer to 5 PSI or a 10 foot head test. Slab on grade. Plumbing (PLM) Under slab: All or any under slab work is completed but prior to covering. • The contractor has started working on the footings under the office and admin area • The contractor will start grading for the new bus parking • The plumbing contractor will continue with electrical & plumbing rough-in at various locations North Cobb High School: • School renovation work scheduled for this summer is complete. When using CPVC with joints under slab, YOU MUST PRESSURE TEST THE SYSTEM BEFORE POURING THE SLAB. Putting in plumbing. The Plumbing Rough-In but high-tech designer models can cost many times that. As with all construction trades, plumbing's tasks fit into the broad categories of rough work and finish work. 50 per linear foot. Their license was verified as active when we last checked. Since the utilities are placed below or embedded in the slab, it may be difficult to repair them. Electrical - rough in 6. 5 to 9 m) with minimum slab thicknesses of 8. To be made after any underground plumbing inspections are completed (if applicable). This can be conducted along with other trade inspections before covering with gravel and poly. Plumbing (PLM) Under slab: All or any under slab work is completed but prior to covering. Cost $20 - $100. The cost to repair your drain pipe will depend on a few factors. a basic building of that size, without plumbing or utilities, is a healthy $25k $30k. below are a some under slab plumbing diagrams that are relatively common. ft of construction will range from 1400-2000/ sq. Slab thickness per plans, minimum 3 ½ ”. 00 System 4 Wall Rough-In Plumbing (Above Slab) $ 15,000. Our speciality is tunneling under slab foundations. Cast iron pipe has been a sewer line mainstay for decades and has an average lifespan of 30 to 50 years. The shower box was about 2" below grade. Unfortunately, as copper pipes age, they are prone to wearing thin and springing leaks. Plumbing - rough in 5. Whether you are finishing a garage or a basement or building an addition, it’s important to get the rough-in wiring done right the first time. How does one go about rerouting the pipes? "When you're replacing pipes buried in a slab, it's generally easiest to reroute the pipes into walls or ceilings," says Jack Cowell, owner of Jack's Plumbing & Repair in Ansonia, Conn. Other practicalities a plumber will factor in when quoting your job include how accessible your house is. With a slab-on-grade foundation, there are no floor joists in which to run plumbing pipes. The kitchen and bath will back to a common plumbing wall. Having an engineered slab for your barndominium based on a soil samples test is best. If I were building with a slab floor again I would avoid at all costs putting any pipes at all in the slab. THICKER EDGES (from 12" - 2') ADD $1. Also known as under-floor leakage, or in-floor leakage, on domestic plumbing systems. I’m pouring concrete over rough plumbing (as pictured). In the home building and remodeling trades, the term "rough-in" refers to the stage of construction after the basic framing is completed and the initial wiring and plumbing installations are completed but before walls and ceilings are closed up with wallboard. Once all the lines are set and stubbed, the foundation work may continue. Under Slab Plumbing. The final, and highest cost of adding a half bathroom, is plumbing. It is really simple I have rough-in tons of houses. Usually the floor is about 4” thick and the footings surrounding the floor are at least 8” thick for a distance of 16 - 24” from the outside of the floor. 2nd slab job yesterday there are no apparent signs of the toilet pipe whatsoever other than a vent pipe. Find out the rough average square metre costs of building from your local builder, architect or quantity surveyor which will help you keep your project plans at a realistic level. Pay only after work is inspected Step 12: Heating & Cooling Rough 88. house, a crew of five carpenters should be able to complete rough framing and pass the inspection in about two weeks with a normal 40-hour work week. In most pole buildings, any water and waste plumbing lines are placed beneath the poured concrete slab on grade. The software is used by engineering students as well as engineers who need to design plumbing solutions in a. Under Slab Inspection for Habitable Spaces To be made after all forms have been placed, all electrical plumbing and/or heating and air conditioning facilities, all crushed stone, a vapor retarder, insulation, all reinforcing steel with supports and tied and/or all welded wire fabric is installed, when required, and before any concrete is placed. (200 to 250 mm). , Suite 131, Hesperia, CA 92345. Rough-in inspection. Before any rough-in for under slab plumbing, you need a professional plumbing diagram. Install 18 gauge nail plates when plastic or copper plumbing is within 1" of face of framing. Typical costs: Re-piping an average house with 1- to 2-1/2 bathrooms can cost $1,500-$15,000 or more, depending on the size of the house and the type of new pipes being installed (plastic or copper). While building up to 2000 sq. Inspections occur Monday to Friday from 8 a. If this gap is more than 3/8 of an inch, it’s best to split this adjustment between the hinge-side and the latch-side jambs; adjust the jamb so it's only halfway corrected. Total Rough Costs: Foundation/Slab costs + Materials Costs + Building Costs 6. the Kohler over flow should have come with a C- plate installed less trim. Rough plumbing involves installing all of the water lines, sewer lines and bathtubs. Expedites scheduling of trades. When rough-in is complete and visible (Rough). SS initial cost amortized over the longer useful life of the screws is a good investment. Cost of rough in plumbing in slab? Hi, Sorry in advance if this is a vague question! Im trying to budget for construction of a house slab, & am looking for approx price for plumbers to rough in, 1WC, 1 shower, 1 vanity & 1 laundry waste & floor wastes probably x2, thats on the ground floor, through concrete slab yet to be poured. P=S: Plumbing Lawn Sprinkler: P16: Plumbing Consultation: PB: Plumbing Base: When the base is in place and under test, before backfilling and before the floor is poured (if slab on grade or basement type structure. The outdoor cost, 1 to 1. Stone slabs require a very heavyweight roof structure, but their weight makes them. 50 per linear foot. just tell me how much it's going to cost! It is very hard to give plumbing costs estimates without all the facts that are to be considered. See below for additional bathroom plumbing, kitchen plumbing and water heater costs. Welcome back, in this episode I am going to discuss the plumber visit and electrical connection costs. Rearranging the layout of the sink, shower, or toilet (or all three) will most likely double, and in some cases triple, your plumbing costs, says Nick Schiffer, owner of NS Builders. It was gross,messy and stinky. See our pages, Checking Over the Concrete Slab, Drain Pipes, and Plumbing in the Walls, for other items to review and check. Cost: Depending on the area, $2. I haven’t noticed the slab insides being moist when drilling, or even in the dirt under the slab. So if you like to only do something once, then this is the foundation for you. Phase 6: Rough-In Typical Floors This is your waste and vent material in a typical floor situation. 50 per square foot 3. Any leak, error, or other mistake will, in the end, likely cost you thousands to repair, because it will involve cutting through the. Fletch-Barney, LLC is a full service plumbing company with over 25 years of experience in Marietta and the Atlanta Metro area, we are dedicated to providing exceptional customer service at prices you can afford. As a very rough starting point, $1500 m2 is very cheap, $2-2500 m2 is more usual and then anything from $3000 m2 and up is more consistent with bespoke designed houses. When a house is to have a poured-concrete. Its well insulated in the ceilings and walls. (I know I’ll never forget that feeling of a freezing cold shower). I am considering what it would cost to add another bathroom. To be made after all in-slab or under-floor building service equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is placed or floor sheathing installed, including the subfloor. Putting in plumbing. When using CPVC with joints under slab, YOU MUST PRESSURE TEST THE SYSTEM BEFORE POURING THE SLAB. Unlike an individual tile, it's hard to find the source a drain issue. Sometimes you get lucky and the pipes run in the right direction to make the job easier. The kitchen and bath will back to a common plumbing wall. "Online plumbing estimating. That said, I Slab rough ins - Page 5 - Plumbing Zone - Professional Plumbers Forum. Finishing, which entails the interior and exterior design will take about 32% of the total cost of raising your Queenslander. The bathroom sink rough-in dimensions are as follows: The center of the lav’s drain is located 18” (approximately) above the finished floor. Dec 13, 2014 - under slab plumbing - Search Yahoo Image Search Results. Snap-in Clips 360-degree swivel design of snap-in PEX clips offers maximum versatility, allowing to install clips first and then snap the PEX tubing later. So, have a potential PITA plumbing issue. Dec 14, 2016 - Checking the plumbing layout in a concrete slab before it is poured is one of the most important things the home builder will do. Plumbing rough-in (all interior above-ground plumbing): An inspection is required before covering drains, vents and the water distribution system. Dec 13, 2014 - under slab plumbing - Search Yahoo Image Search Results. The actual cost to wire it to my plan (which I had given him prior to signing the contract - and thought that he had incorporated it into the cost of the house) was an additional 19 grand! The extra's included recessed lights (87 cans), extra plugs, quite a few 3 way and 4 way switches, exterior flood lights - nothing really fancy - just not. We may use electric pumps to send water up to water towers, but oftentimes, the water then proceeds to our homes simply under the power of gravity. Stay safe and healthy. Inspectional Servicesapproval certifies that the applicant can proceed with installation of plumbing fixtures in accordance with specifications submitted. This will ensure that it’s in the right spot, and that its installation won’t disturb anything else. Water must be pressurized to 60PSI, Sewer to 5 PSI or a 10 foot head test. Difference in the Cost of a Slab & Raised Home The cost of a slab versus a raised foundation varies based on the size of your home, the design and where you live. Most cracks are initiated by rough handling. SCOPE OF WORK PLUMBING ALDER STREET PROJECT 1. James' Plumbing & Heating Is Santa Fe's Favorite Choice for Slab Leak Repairs. When rough-in is complete and visible (Rough). Amaris Plumbing, LLC, 2935 Thousand Oaks, San Antonio, TX (Employee: Paul Muenzler) holds a Pm Plumber license and 3 other licenses according to the San Antonio license board. Very long lifespan, fireproof, and low cost but now rarely used because of health concerns. The plumbing will be under the new slab. Plumbing Section 22 - Plumbing Page 3 of 52 22-1 INTRODUCTION A. This article explains the "Rough In" strategy of wiring a new house. just tell me how much it's going to cost! It is very hard to give plumbing costs estimates without all the facts that are to be considered. Having an engineered slab for your barndominium based on a soil samples test is best. Rough in plumbing is the in-slab drainage piping that is laid for all showers, toilets, vanities, laundry basins and kitchen sinks. Under Slab Inspection To be made after all forms have been placed, all electrical, plumbing and/or HVAC equipment is installed and before any concrete is placed. That said, I Slab rough ins - Page 5 - Plumbing Zone - Professional Plumbers Forum. PEX rails will cost about $75 for every 250 sqft (#PXR12-16 at 3ft spacing), or about $300 for 1,000 sqft of heated slab space. (150 to 250 mm). Construction costs, including foundation, framing, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, interior finishes, exterior finishes, lighting, cabinetry, appliances, plumbing vessels, etc. Big C’s Plumbing Services is a fully Licensed Tulsa, Oklahoma Plumbing Contractor & Gas Fitter #63224. You’ll need to closely inspect your plumbing or rely on a licensed plumber to advise you whether it’s time for replacing plumbing. In some cases (especially post frame houses), elevated wood floors are used to create an under floor crawl space, making these lines accessible in the future, without the need for costly jackhammer or concrete cutting work for repairs. Mechanical - rough in 8. If it's close to existing plumbing, it will run you less because the plumber won't have to install many new pipes. Construction crews are preparing the first floor slab on grade and expect a concrete pour in late February. For example, from our research, a 1,500 square foot home with two, three or four bedrooms could cost around $3,500 to $7,500 to replace the whole home, while a bathroom alone could. Drain Pipe Repair Cost Factors. 00 for first $50,000. From $100,000 to $500,000 - $460. Where significant price differences can be found, it’s usually due to higher shipping costs for one type. 50 per linear foot. Our speciality is tunneling under slab foundations. Rough-In Underground Plumbing: This done after the (under slab) plumbing has been installed but prior to it being covered. 5 baths, it will cost $11,500 to $14,500 for rough-in plumbing. 00 $0 $15,000. Bathroom plumbing diagram concrete slab. WORK The term “Work” includes all labor, materials, equipment and services required of the CONTRACTOR, as shown, described or inferred in the Contract Documents. What Is a Slab Leak? A slab leak is a plumbing leak that occurs under the slab foundation of your home. I’m pouring concrete over rough plumbing (as pictured). Root-and-line jobs, which remove existing roots and install impermeable liners that prevent further intrusion, cost anywhere from $5,000 to $15,000. Estimating the Cost to Add a Wall in. Stay safe and healthy. When under slab piping has been installed. This is before I found the wall. Tag : rough plumbing guidelines, rough plumbing diagram for bathroom, plumbing rough in kit, plumbing rough in slab, rough plumbing bathtub, rough plumbing cost, rough plumbing inspection requirements, rough plumbing clawfoot tub, rough plumbing cost per fixture, rough plumbing bathroom cost, 30 Plumbing Rough In Slab Diagrams Qf3z. For a 1,500 square-foot, two-bathroom home, you’ll pay between $2,000 and $6,000 or more to replace just the exposed plumbing. on Friday for a Monday inspection). Dec 13, 2014 - under slab plumbing - Search Yahoo Image Search Results. It may be possible to simplify supply runs by moving a vent pipe over a few inches. The plumbing rough-in must be completed, including the vent pipes that pass through the roof, before the roofing can be installed. 35 PER SQUARE FOOT 5. For a basic project in zip code 47474 with 1 piping run, the cost to Move Plumbing starts at $668 - $820 per piping run. Commercial kitchens are one of the most challenging designs a plumbing engineer will ever face. 50 per linear foot. This price assumes that it is a basic hookup with no complications. The plumbing and sewer service, and distribution lines and drains shall be left uncovered and ready for leak inspection. The risk with hourly rates is that a contractor could purposely take longer to hike up your repair cost. PEX is for indoor use only since it breaks down when exposed to UV light. Council approves tunneling under rail line at 'spiderweb' intersection, Columbus, GA, 5 replies Massive tunneling machine stuck under downtown Seattle, fix could cost taxpayers millions, Seattle area, 2 replies any recommendations on licensed plumbing - wet slab under wood, Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill, Cary, 1 replies. 1 hour ago, Laurence737 said: Thats not a bad idea, are these popular tho? as most builds tend to have them seperated? also how easy is it to run the soil pipe from the WC? Im guessing most new builds are concrete slab under floor? Sorry for all the questions but Im really trying to learn! We hav. Calculate cubic yards of concrete or the pre-mixed bags needed for a slab, footing, or wall, or stairs project. During the plumbing slab construction, the pipes are buried in gravel or sand beneath the slab and are (obviously) difficult to access. The use of PEX has been increasing ever since, replacing copper pipe in many applications, especially radiant heating systems installed in the slab under floors or walkways. Schedule for Plumbing Rough-in. The plumbing will be under the new slab. Use of appropriate automation tools is highly recommended. Steel-reinforced slabs, typically between 100 and 500 mm thick, are most often used to construct floors and ceilings, while thinner mud slabs may be used for exterior paving (see below). Under slab plumbing lines can be moved, but when it's done in a finished space, the can be very dirty and somewhat expensive. See past project info for Baker Plumbing, LLC including photos, cost and more. With a slab-on-grade foundation, there are no floor joists in which to run plumbing pipes. This article will get you through the initial stage of this project, the rough plumbing. Testing of piping is required. If you replaced the pipes the old fashioned way, you would need to dig up all the concrete and excavate a 3′ deep and 3′ wide trench throughout the entire house and then replace the pipe, sand and concrete, which takes about 8 weeks, after which the tile or carpet has to be replaced and then the. You will be fine with a 3" trunk line so long as you have no more than 2 or three toilets. DanH | Feb 10, 2014 06:49pm | #9 I was told about 10 years ago that a 10-foot head is the rule around here. The bathroom sink rough-in dimensions are as follows: The center of the lav’s drain is located 18” (approximately) above the finished floor. Contractor's License. these plumbing / sewer pipes should be checked anytime there had been significant foundation movement or foundation repair. Electrical - rough in 6. Difference in the Cost of a Slab & Raised Home The cost of a slab versus a raised foundation varies based on the size of your home, the design and where you live. Installation Schedule of Sub-Rough Plumbing and HVAC Grig & Chris October 24, 2011 Plumbing No comments Depending of the foundation type, we can find “the sub-rough plumbing” under the basement floor on a basement foundation or under the slab on grade foundation. We’ve always held high expectations for the quality of work delivered under the Water Matrix brand. 100% Upvoted. BUILDING PROCESS VIDEOS: Steps 1-5. In this example: 6 X $900 = $5400. The rough-in plumbing, for me, included: moving the location of the already roughed in toilet drain; installing water supply lines; installing the plumbing ventilation; My brother in-law did this work for me for around $1000, including materials. Slab leaks are pressurized pipes under a slab of concrete or foundation; found under homes, businesses and industrial facilities built on a slab foundation. Corrections and repairs can be very time consuming and expensive so you want to avoid them at all cost. Cast iron pipe has been a sewer line mainstay for decades and has an average lifespan of 30 to 50 years. A line under a slab is much more expensive than a line in a crawlspace of basement. There are many different issues to consider when it comes to the choice of a basement, crawl space, or a slab foundation for your new home. Once the assembly has cooled, close the new valve and open the water main to check the fittings for. Hourly rate:Some contractors charge by the hour for their services, normally between $75 and $150per hour. Each septic tank/seepage tank or drainfield. With materials, the price of the renovation job can go for $10,000 – $12,000. This doesn't include plumbing or electrical rough-in (floor plugs, conduit, etc) as you would typically contract that work separately with the. Terrific 4 bedroom home at 4966 Dakota Drive in Fort Collins on a corner lot in the popular Harmony Crossing neighborhood! Your new home features an open floor plan with high, vau. Under slab Includes interior underground storm and sanitary drains prior to backfilling; Testing is required for all industrial, commercial, institutional and multi-residential units and may be requested by the inspector for any other occupancy type; Rough-in above ground Includes rough-in of drainage, waste, vents (DWV) and water pipe systems. The bathroom sink rough-in dimensions are as follows: The center of the lav's drain is located 18" (approximately) above the finished floor. Dec 14, 2016 - Checking the plumbing layout in a concrete slab before it is poured is one of the most important things the home builder will do. how much will it cost to pour a slab that measures 48′ by 36′ by 9″? Mechanical engineer under the direction of the architect. Plans Slab thickness is per plan. We have reviewed 6+ plumbing design software below. Before beginning the repairs on a section of pipe beneath a concrete slab, consideration should be given to re-piping, rather than using a temporary fix. Before any rough-in for under slab plumbing, you need a professional plumbing diagram. If a slab is to be poured, any electrical under the slab must be inspected before the slab is poured. Under-slab inspections, as appropriate, shall be made after all materials and equipment to be concealed by the concrete slab are completed. The plumbing rough-in must be completed, including the vent pipes that pass through the roof, before the roofing can be installed. But if you are doing new installation and needed a figure to work from, the national average is about $4. VAPOR BARRIER UNDER SLAB - ADD $. piece of copper pipe and solder it into the tee under the sink, then solder a water supply stop valve on the other end. Schedule for Plumbing Rough-in. charge for laying and plumbing the slab. “If the pipe was not bedded properly in sand, or cheap copper pipe was used, under-slab leaks can start as early as 10-years after the house was built,” according to James Freeman, of J. There are other factors that can cause under slab plumbing leaks. Very long lifespan, fireproof, and low cost but now rarely used because of health concerns. Plus, Gastite offers the ideal underground gas piping system. On the other hand, hiring a plumber to fix the problem usually costs much less. The plumbing trenches are typically dug at the same time as the slab footings, if any. To be precise, the cost to replace your sewer line under the slab ranges from a little over $1000 to $4000 for minor or spot repairs, while a full sewer line replacement can go for as much as $3000 to as high as $25,000. 03/hr, followed closely by Victoria at $74. Overkill can cause low velocity in the drain line, so yes it can be a bad thing. Mono-slab SPlumbing Under-Slab Garage lab Sheathing Rough-In: Insulation Provisional Power Gas test Natural Gas or Propane Final Please provide a breakdown of the square footage :(Finished & Unfinished). This article explains the "Rough In" strategy of wiring a new house. for instructions. The grade, for drainage, is checked to make sure that the minimum slope is ¼ inch per foot. I'd guess $50k+ easily. I ask for a rough in estimate and so many have said they wont quote rough-in only and have to do the whole thing. Re: Rough In Under Slab; Author: hj (AZ) 1.